Construction of the first Rotterdam petroleum port, which between 1934 and 1942 was called “Petroleumhaven”. The second petroleum port was briefly called “Benzinehaven” (petrol port).
The docks are designated for the supply and storage of crude oil and petroleum products. Refineries, chemical industries and tank facilities are established in the port.
The foundation stone of the Caltex Petroleum Refinery is laid in the “Tweede Petroleumhaven” (second petroleum port). The refinery is built with the Marshall Plan aid. Unemployed are set to work as tank builders and later retrained as operators. A good sense of solidarity develops.
Temporary closure of the Suez Canal. Western Europe stockpiles oil and expands transport facilities. Caltex builds a thermal cracker and a reformer on the site. And notably: a fallout shelter for its personnel, the first in the Netherlands.
Caltex Europoort Terminal CEM (later TEM) comes into operation for storing crude oil and the pipeline to Pernis is put into use.
Chevron take-over of refinery and Europoort Terminal, henceforth called ‘Pernis Raffinaderij van Chevron Petroleum Maatschappij Nederland NV’ (Pernis Refinery of Chevron Petroleum Company the Netherlands plc). The facility is expanded. Many former employees are asked to return.
The Pernis refinery is expanded by a new crude unit and the largest reformer in Europe is built. Costs: 40 million guilders. The unleaded petrol is intended for the American market. The reformer is far ahead of its time.
Another expansion of the Pernis refinery: the construction of a visbreaker, a cracker for fuel oil. It separates fuel oil from asphalt.
The Pernis refinery is refurbished at a cost of 220 million guilders and immediately put up for sale upon completion. Texaco takes over the petrol pumps from Chevron and gets the refinery ‘thrown in’.
Peter Goedvolk takes over ‘Goudvoort’ oil trading company.
Texaco and BP join forces to continue doing business on the site as Nerefco. Three hundred of the 1.100 employees in total must be made redundant. A decent social plan ensures this course of action passes off relatively painlessly.
The Pernis refinery is permanently closed down.
Peter Goedvolk acquires a piece of the Nerefco site and signs a contract with Shell. At the end of December the first fuel oil import arrives via Jetty 1.
Phase 1 commences around 15 January. The very first oil is exported via Jetty 3 in December. The refinery is dismantled. Argos expands its workforce substantially.
Argos purchases the following phase of tanks from Nerefco, approximately 200,000 m³, prior to the start of Phase 2 on the north side of the site. BP leases these tanks. In addition, construction commences on Jetty 5, whose sea side is for seagoing vessels and the land side for inland barges. Wharves 6 and 7 are also realised for inland barges varying between 110 and 135 metres in length.
Phase 3 commences: the construction of ten new tanks between the sites of Phase 1 (the southern part) and Phase 2 (the northern part) eight tanks.
July 2007 – November 2007 Phase 3: eight tanks.
Oil price reaches unprecedented height of 150 dollars per barrel and then falls off again. Phase 4 incl. biodiesel plant is built.
Phase 4 (ten tanks) is delivered in March. First tank pit of Phase 5 is delivered on 21 December.
Second tank pit of Phase 5 (140,000 m³, 14 tanks) is delivered in June.
EQT acquires a majority share in NOVA Terminals.
The foundation stone is laid for the construction of Tank Pit 18, called Phase 6.1. NOVA Terminals, with an 8% market share, is the third largest independent terminal operator in the port of Rotterdam. The terminal in Tweede Petroleumhaven in Rotterdam Pernis currently covers 50 hectares and boasts 650,000 m³ of storage capacity for a variety of petroleum products.